Bolivia gained it’s independence on August 6 1825. In tribute to Simon Bolivar – the father of the Five Nations and the precursor of the Latin American union- it was originally named “The Republic of Bolivar”. Posteriorly, the name was changed to “The Republic of Bolivia”.
Currently Bolivia has a total area of 1,098,581 km2 and is located in the heart of South America. Having initially established with an area of 2,363,769 km2, the country’s territory dwindled during wars and due to international treaties. The most painful was losing the access to the sea after a war with Chile.
Bolivia is a multiethnic and multicultural country. The official language is Castilian together with 36 native languages. Apart from the urban population Bolivia is also a native land to 36 local ethnical groups with traditions and customs spread throughout the country.
Geographically Bolivia consists of three major regions representing diverse and unique ecosystems.
The climat differs visibly depending on the region and altitude.
Temperature contrasts are most observable in the Andes and the Altiplano, which constitute 28% of Bolivia’s total area.
The subtropical region – Los Yungas and Los Valles – covers 13% of the territory, with an agreeable average temperature of 20 degrees throughout the year.
The region called Los Llanos together with the amazon region constitute 56% of Bolivia’s territory. These areas have a hot and humid tropical climat. It’s a region where an impressive biodiversity of plant and animal species can be admired.
BOLIVIAN MUSIC AND DANCE
Bolivia’s culture is exceptionally rich when it comes to music and dancing. The most spectacular events are the carnival in Oruro and Gran Poder feast which takes place in La Paz.Music and dance are two basic elements of Bolivian festivities and celebrations. This tradition has it’s roots in the pre-columbian era, when the indigenous nations expressed their veneration towards nature and changing seasons: dry (jallupacha) and rainy (awitpacha) season. The natural cycle regulated agricultural and pastoral work.
There are two groups of instruments which are used depending on the season. Pinkillu, tarka and moseno are played only during the dry season. Those instruments are said to bring cloudy weather and support plant development. The second group which comprises khena, chokhela, sikus and charango drives away the clouds and clears up the sky so that the production of Chuno (freeze-dried potato) can be started.